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Hypertension

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common medical condition described as elevated blood pressure levels persistently exceeding normal ranges. If untreated, high blood pressure can increase the risk heart attacks, strokes and kidney problems.

Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers. Systolic pressure, the top number represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood into the circulation. Diastolic pressure, the bottom number represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats.

Blood pressure readings are expressed in mmHg, with normal blood pressure defined as less than 120/80 mmHg. Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure consistently exceeds 135/85 mmHg. More information about the accurate way to diagnose hypertension is provided in our article titled “24 hours Blood Pressure monitoring“, here

Once diagnosed, treatment strategies to control blood pressure involve: lifestyle modifications, regular monitoring and medications. 

Commonly used medications used in management of hypertension include calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II reception blockers, “water tablets“ and beta-blockers. 

Nevertheless, prioritizing healthy lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking, should always be the initial approach to intervention.

We often reassess patient blood pressure readings in our clinics, to maintain long positive outcomes. It is not unusual for our patients to record their measurements at their home blood pressure monitors prior to attending for a consultation. This strategy allows us to modify the treatment without any delays. On the other hand if the home readings are within the normal range, this provides our patient with reassurance and peace of mind. 

In terms of management of hypertension, D. Bart is dedicated to providing thorough explanations and taking the time to discuss with patients their diagnosis and potential treatment options, prior to embarking on medical therapy. 

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