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Electrocardiogram (ECG)

An Electrocardiogram (ECG) looks at the electricity of the heart and can diagnose abnormal heartbeats, problems with the heart muscle, coronary arteries and sometimes even heart valves. It is simple and non-invasive test that requires a patient to lie on a couch with stickers (`electrodes`) placed on the chest, arms and legs. These signals are then displayed as a series of waves and complexes on a graph, representing different phases of the heart cycle. A printout of the heartbeat is then obtained, which requires an interpretation by a cardiologist. This test usually takes 5-10mins.

An ECG provides important information about the heart’s speed (rate), beat (rhythm), and electrical signals (conduction pathways). It can detect irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) , such as atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia, as well as signs of a heart attack, , electrolyte imbalances, and structural abnormalities.

Interpreting an ECG requires specialized training and expertise, as subtle changes in the waveform patterns can indicate significant cardiac pathology. ECGs are routinely used in clinical practice, emergency settings, and during cardiac procedures to monitor patients’ heart status, guide treatment decisions, and assess the effectiveness of interventions.

ECG is performed at our clinics during the same visit, usually prior to a clinical consultation. 

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